|Length:||43.9 in (1,115 mm)|
|Region of Origin:||United States|
|Effective Range:||5,500 yd (5,029 m)|
|Cartridge:||.30-03; .30-06 Springfield|
The Springfield Rifle formally the United States Rifle, Caliber .30-06, Model 1903, is an American clip-loaded, 5-round magazine fed, bolt-action service rifle used primarily during the first half of the 20th century.
It was officially adopted as a United States military bolt-action rifle on June 19, 1903, and saw service in World War I. It was officially replaced as the standard infantry rifle by the faster-firing semi-automatic 8 round M1 Garand starting in 1937. However, the M1903 Springfield remained in service as a standard issue infantry rifle during World War II, since the U.S. entered the war without sufficient M1 rifles to arm all troops. It also remained in service as a sniper rifle during World War II, the Korean War, and even in the early stages of the Vietnam War.
It remains popular as a civilian firearm, historical collector's piece, and as a military drill rifle, because of this major faction the Springfield was used by several million American resitance fighters in their gurrilla Resistance War against Nazi Geramny during the United Nazi War in Occupied New England, where the rifle once again saw action aganst World War II related military powers.