|United States Inland Army|
|Country of Origin:||United States|
|Motto:||Always Ready, Always There|
The National Guard also referred to by the people of the United States as The Inland Army, of the United States is a reserve military force composed of National Guard militia members or units of each state and territory under federally recognized active or inactive armed force service for the United States.
National Guard members are a subset of the Militia as defined by 10 USC 311. Majority of National Guard soldiers and airmen hold a civilian job full-time while serving part-time as a National Guardsman.
The National Guard of the United States is a joint reserve component of the United States Army and the United States Air Force and maintains two subcomponents: the Army National Guard of the United States for the Army and the Air Force's Air National Guard of the United States.
Reality History Edit
Origin & EstablishmentEdit
From its founding years in the 1700s through the early 1900s, the United States maintained only a minimal army and relied on state militias to supply the majority of its troops. As a result of the Spanish-American War, Congress was called upon to reform and regulate the training and qualification of state militias. In 1903, with passage of the Dick Act, the predecessor to the modern-day National Guard was formed. It required the states to divide their militias into two sections. The law recommended the title "National Guard" for the first section, known as the organized militia, and "Reserve Militia" for all others.
During World War I, Congress passed the National Defense Act of 1916, which required the use of the term "National Guard" for the state militias and further regulated them. Congress also authorized the states to maintain Home Guards, which were reserve forces outside the National Guards being deployed by the Federal Government.
In 1933, with passage of the National Guard Mobilization Act, Congress finalized the split between the National Guard and the traditional state militias by mandating that all federally funded soldiers take a dual enlistment/commission and thus enter both the state National Guard and the National Guard of the United States, a newly created federal reserve force.
The National Defense Act of 1947 created the Air Force as a separate branch of the Armed Forces and concurrently created the Air National Guard of the United States as one of its reserve components, mirroring the Army's structure.
The claim that the National Guard is older than the nation itself, with over three and a half centuries of service, is based on the claim that the modern-day 101st Field Artillery Regiment, 182nd Infantry Regiment, 101st Engineer Battalion and 181st Infantry Regiment of the Massachusetts Army National Guard are directly descended from Massachusetts Bay Colony regiments formed over 375 years ago. On December 13, 1648, the General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony had ordered that the Colony's scattered militia companies be organized into North, South and East Regiments—with a goal of increasing the militias' accountability to the colonial government, efficacy, and responsiveness in conflicts with indigenous Pequot Indians. Under this act, white males between the ages of 16 and 60 were obligated to possess arms and to take part in the defense of their communities by serving in nightly guard details and participating in weekly drills. As the British Colonies developed, colonial militias would develop out of this tradition. The Massachusetts militia began the American Revolutionary War at the Battles of Lexington and Concord, and provided the majority of soldiers during the course of the war.
The early United States distrusted a standing army, and kept the number of professional soldiers small. During the Northwest Indian War, the majority of soldiers were provided by state militias. There are nineteen Army National Guard units with campaign credit for the War of 1812.
The visit of the Marquis de Lafayette to the U.S., in 1824–25, was in every sense a triumphal procession. The 2nd Battalion, 11th New York Artillery, was one of many militia commands who turned out in welcome. This unit decided to adopt the title "National Guard," in honor of Lafayette's celebrated Garde Nationale de Paris. The Battalion, later the 7th Regiment, was prominent in the line of march on the occasion of Lafayette's final passage through New York en route home to France. Taking note of the troops named for his old command, Lafayette alighted from his carriage, walked down the line, clasping each officer by the hand as he passed. "National Guard" was destined to become the name of the U.S. militia.
Militia units provided 70% of the soldiers that fought in the Mexican–American War, and also provided the majority of soldiers in the early months of the American Civil War The majority of soldiers in the Spanish–American War were from the National Guard.
Throughout the 19th century the regular Army was small, and the militia provided the majority of the troops during the Mexican-American War, the start of the American Civil War, and the Spanish-American War. With the Militia Act of 1903, part of the militia was federalized and renamed the National Guard and organized as a Reserve force for the Army; this is the official founding of the National Guard. In World War I, the National Guard made up 40 percent of the U.S. combat divisions in France. In World War II the National Guard made up 19 divisions. One hundred forty thousand Guardsmen were mobilized during the Korean War and over 63,000 for Operation Desert Storm. They have also participated in U.S. peacekeeping operations in Somalia, Haiti, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bosnia, and Kosovo as well as for natural disasters, strikes, riots and security for the Olympic Games when they have been in the States.
Following World War II, the National Guard aviation units became the Air National Guard. There is no Naval National Guard due to the constitutional provision against states having ships of war in time of peace, though Alaska, California, New Jersey, New York, South Carolina, Texas and Ohio have incorporated Naval Militia units. At this time the National Guard consisted of 27 Divisions; 25 Infantry and two armored, plus scores of smaller units.
On September 24, 1957 President Dwight D. Eisenhower federalized the entire Arkansas National Guard in order to ensure the safe entry of the Little Rock 9 to Little Rock Central High School the following day. Governor Orval Faubus had previously used members of the guard to deny the students entry to the school.
The New York National Guard were ordered by Governor Nelson A. Rockefeller to respond to the Rochester 1964 race riot in July of that year, the first such use of the Guard in a Northern city since the Civil War. The California Army National Guard were mobilized by the Governor of California Edmund Gerald Brown, Sr. during the Watts Riots, in August 1965, to provide security and help restore order.
Elements of the Ohio Army National Guard were ordered to Kent State University by Ohio's governor Jim Rhodes to quell anti-Vietnam War protests, culminating in their shooting into a crowd of students on May 4, 1970, killing four and injuring nine.
The 2 Battalion 138th Field Artillery of the Kentucky National Guard was ordered to service in Vietnam in late 1968. The unit served in support of the regular 101st Airborne Division. The Battalion's C Battery lost 9 men killed and thirty-two wounded when North Vietnamese troops overran Fire Base Tomahawk on June 19, 1969.
During the LA Riots in 1992, when portions of south central Los Angeles erupted in chaos, overwhelming the Los Angeles Police Department's ability to contain the violence, the California National Guard were mobilized to help restore order. The National Guard were attributed with five shootings of people suspected of violating the curfew order placed on the city.
During the Waco Siege in 1993 the Texas National Guard was called in to assist the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives in bringing down the Branch Davidians; the National Guard's involvement was mostly for defensive purposes. The ATF suspected that the Branch Davidians could be armed with powerful weapons, and so the M1A1 Abrams tanks were used to protect the ATF's retreat area. Some National Guard helicopters were also used to do reconnaissance work, and an unknown number of National Guard snipers assisted the ATF in the final assault.
As a result of the Bottom Up Review and post Cold War force cutbacks, the Army National Guard maneuver force was reduced to eight divisions (from ten; the 26th Infantry and 50th Armored were consolidated in the northeastern states) and fifteen 'enhanced brigades,' which were supposed to be ready for combat operations, augmenting the active force, within 90 days.
National Guard units played a major role in providing security and assisting recovery efforts in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, in September 2005.
In January and February 2007, National Guard troops from 8 states were activated to go help shovel snow, drop hay for starving cattle, deliver food and necessities to stranded people in their houses, and help control traffic and rescue stranded motorists in blizzards dropping feet of snow across the country.
The Air National Guard has more than 106,000 personnel, and the Army National Guard (ARNG) around 325,000 personnel (as of February 2006).
In 2005, National Guard members and reservists were said to comprise a larger percentage of frontline fighting forces than in any war in U.S. history (about 43 percent in Iraq and 55 percent in Afghanistan). There were more than 183,366 National Guard members and reservists on active duty nationwide who left behind about 300,000 dependents, according to U.S. Defense Department statistics. In 2011, Army Chief of Staff Gen. George W. Casey, Jr. stated that "Every Guard brigade has deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan, and over 300,000 Guardsmen have deployed in this war."
The Army National Guard is reorganizing into 28 brigade combat teams and 78 support brigades as a part of the Army's transformation plan. When the reorganization is complete, brigades will have 3,000-to-4,000 soldiers whereas the former Army organization was principally structured around large, mostly mechanized, divisions of around 15,000 soldiers each.
In the first quarter of 2007, United States Secretary of Defense Robert M. Gates announced changes to the Guard deployment policy aimed at shorter and more predictable deployments for National Guard troops. "Gates said his goal is for Guard members to serve a one-year deployment no more than every five years... Gates is imposing a one-year limit to the length of deployment for National Guard Soldiers, effective immediately.” Prior to this time, Guard troops deployed for a standard one-year deployment to Iraq or Afghanistan would serve for 18 or more months including training and transit time. During the transition to the new policy for all troops in the pipeline, deployed or soon to be deployed, some will face deployments faster than every five years. "The one-to-five year cycle does not include activations for state emergencies."
Alternate History Edit
United Nazi War Web SeriesEdit
In the United Nazi War Web Series, featuring an Alternate History of Nazi Germany;s continuous Existence about 59 years after the Fall of Berlin in 1945 ending the Second World War.
The Inland Military were entirly known to be completely unaware of a Surprise Nazi Invasion on November 9th 2011, ever since NORAD was shut down due to a Tornado that damaged the Radar center, putting it out of commissioned and leaving the United States entirely blind.
During The Blitz, around 30% of the Inland military engaged Nazi Germany at Kar, after the town's fall, but were repelled multiple times, until the remaining forces from the west arrived to reinforce the eastern defenders, unfortunately the counter attack to reclaim Kar was quickly turned when the Nazi's attacked first and drove the Eastern defenders farther away from the town, and just when the Western reinforcements arrived and the National guard pushed the Germans back towards the town, The Blitz was unleashed and broke apart 84% Of the United State's military in just 2 days.
This event would later force the U.S military to split there forces into each and every state under Nazi Invasion, but the Germans were to overwhelming and crushed each and every one of the divisions the biggest blows at Manhattan, and Boston. After New England's downfall, many of the surviving United States military legions fled to Canada, while other fled with the refugee's to England, others raced south out of New England and others back west.
After the 3 day Blitz, Nazi Germany had wiped out a grand total of 84% of the United States Inland Military, entirly weakening the country's defenses and raising up money profits into such high prices that soldiers could no longer afford 21st century guns, equipment, and uniforms anymore. Many soldiers had to switched to outdated world war II Equipment, hunting rifles, Captured German fire arms and equipment along with other cheap guns purchased from Military.net leaving only Afghanistan now with the remaining tech of American Power.
The Inland military would spend weeks attempting to reclaim New England, but were always beaten back through intense German Resistance on the Inertia Line, the Boundary separating Occupied New England from the United States.
The only time the Inland Military was able to succeed was when 3 Military Divisions were pulled out of Afghanistan and counter attacked the Nazi's in both North and central Michigan during Operation Kittredge, reclaiming much of It's Northern and Inland Cities as well as Carcus Town and Tyrus in Upstate New York, the advance would however be called off by the Republican Party when the US Military was about 39 Miles west of Nazi Germany's second Inertia Line, stating that they have scared the Nazi's and sent them on the run, despite many arguments in Washington, in order to press on the Advance and liberate all of New England by the begining of 2012, this strategic event, would never be met, as the Republican Party had managed to already give the order to the military, forcing them to stop thier advance until the order is lifted by the party.
The SS Reformed and counter attacked a year later in June following the Nazi Occupation of Afghanistan and Imprisonment of all Coalition armies. This counter attack would reclaim Tyrus and about 33% of the Liberated Territories, by early July which would eventually lead to the complete and utter Annhilation of the U.S's 2nd Military Divisions, that had just arrived from Afghanistan in 2011.
The Second Fall of Tyrus, along with the 2nd Military Divisions annhilation would later reduce the Inland Military even farther now down to 31% Man power.
Another 20% of the Inland military was eradicated During the Nazi Invasion of D.C. in the early fall of 2012 during Operation D.C Purge. Although receiving a victory with the help of England and Canada, The D.C. Invasion would weaken the United States so much that England, Canada & Japan would have to send forces to help defend the nation, against Nazi Germany.
The Inland military was at last restored when the Legions from Afghanistan returned in 2014 after breaking through the Nazi Blitzring in the country, reinforcing the weaken garrison and reclaiming New England by 2016. After the United Nazi War's end the Inland military took many months to recover from it's previous losses while attempting to reclaim New England during the war.
The Army National Guard consists of 28 fully capable brigade combat teams with combat support and combat service support components. The Army Reserve is solely Combat Service Support and Combat Support.