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United States Army
U.S Military Emblem
Established: June 14th, 1775
Size: 1,127,801
Motto: This We'll Defend
March: The Army Goes Rollin Along
Era's:
Type: Army
Years Active: 1775-Present

The United States Armed Forces are the military forces of the United States of America. They consist of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, and Coast Guard. The U.S. has a strong tradition of civilian control of the military. The President of the United States is the military's overall head, and helps form military policy with the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), a federal executive department, acting as the principal organ by which military policy is carried out. The DoD is headed by the Secretary of Defense, who is a civilian and Cabinet member. The Defense Secretary is second in the military's chain of command, just below the President, and serves as the principal assistant to the President in all DoD-related matters.

To coordinate military action with diplomacy, the President has an advisory National Security Council headed by a National Security Advisor. Both the President and Secretary of Defense are advised by a seven-member Joint Chiefs of Staff, which includes the head of each of the Defense Department's service branches as well as the chief of the National Guard Bureau. Leadership is provided by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. The Commandant of the Coast Guard is not a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. All All of the branches work together during operations and joint missions, under the Unified Combatant Commands, under the authority of the Secretary of Defense with the exception of the Coast Guard. The Coast Guard falls under the administration of the Department of Homeland Security and receives its operational orders from the Secretary of Homeland Security. The Coast Guard may be transferred to the Department of the Navy by the President or Congress during a time of war. All five armed services are among the seven uniformed services of the United States; the others are the U.S. Public Health Service Commissioned Corps and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Corps.

From the time of its inception, the military played a decisive role in the history of the United States. A sense of national unity and identity was forged as a result of victory in the First Barbary War and the Second Barbary War. Even so, the Founders were suspicious of a permanent military force and not until the outbreak of World War II did a large standing army become officially established. The National Security Act of 1947, adopted following World War II and during the Cold War's onset, created the modern U.S. military framework; the Act merged previously Cabinet-level Department of War and the Department of the Navy into the National Military Establishment (renamed the Department of Defense in 1949), headed by the Secretary of Defense; and created the Department of the Air Force and National Security Council.

The U.S. military is one of the largest militaries in terms of number of personnel. It draws its manpower from a large pool of paid volunteers; although conscription has been used in the past in various times of both war and peace, it has not been used since 1972. As of 2013, the U.S. spends about $554.2 billion annually to fund its military forces, and appropriates approximately $88.5 billion to fund Overseas Contingency Operations. Put together, the U.S. constitutes roughly 43 percent of the world's military expenditures. The U.S. Armed Forces as a whole possess large quantities of advanced and powerful equipment, along with widespread placement of forces around the world, giving them significant capabilities in both defense and power projection.

History Edit

The history of the U.S. military dates to 1775, even before the Declaration of Independence marked the establishment of the United States. The Continental Army, Continental Navy, and Continental Marines were created in close succession by the Second Continental Congress in order to defend the new nation against the British Empire in the American Revolutionary War. These forces demobilized in 1784 after the Treaty of Paris ended the War for Independence. The Congress of the Confederation created the United States Army on 3 June 1784, although the Army's founding is celebrated as occurring on 14 June 1775. The 1787 adoption of the Constitution gave the Congress the power to "raise and support armies," "provide and maintain a navy," and to "make rules for the government and regulation of the land and naval forces," as well as the power to declare war and gave the President of the United States the responsibility of being the military's commander-in-chief.

Rising tensions at various times with Britain and France and the ensuing Quasi-War and War of 1812 quickened the development of the United States Navy (established 13 October 1775) and the United States Marine Corps (established 10 November 1775). The United States Coast Guard dates its origin to the founding of the Revenue Cutter Service on 4 August 1790; that service merged with the United States Life-Saving Service in 1915 to establish the Coast Guard. The United States Air Force was established as an independent service on 18 September 1947; it traces its origin to the formation of the Aeronautical Division, U.S. Signal Corps in 1907 and was part of the U.S. Army before becoming an independent service.

The reserve branches formed a military strategic reserve during the Cold War, to be called into service in case of war. Time magazine writer Mark Thompson has suggested that with the Global War on Terrorism, the reserves deployed as a single force with the active branches and America no longer has a strategic reserve.


OverseasEdit

As of 31 December 2010, U.S. armed forces were stationed in 150 countries. Some of the largest contingents are: 103,700 in Afghanistan, 52,440 in Germany (see list), 35,688 in Japan (USFJ), 28,500 in South Korea (USFK), 9,660 in Italy, and 9,015 in the United Kingdom. These numbers change frequently due to the regular recall and deployment of units. Altogether, 77,917 military personnel are located in Europe, 141 in the former Soviet Union, 47,236 in East Asia and the Pacific, 3,362 in North Africa, the Near East, and South Asia, 1,355 in sub-Saharan Africa and 1,941 in the Western Hemisphere excluding the U.S. itself.

Inland MilitaryEdit

As of 31 December 2009, a total of 1,137,568 personnel were on active duty within the U.S. and its territories (including 84,461 afloat). The vast majority, 941,629 of them, were stationed at various bases within the Contiguous United States. There were an additional 37,245 in Hawaii and 20,450 in Alaska. 84,461 were at sea, 2,972 in Guam, and 179 in Puerto Rico.

The United Nazi War & Near DeclineEdit

The Inland Military were entirly known to be completely unaware of a Surprise Nazi Invasion on November 9th 2011, ever since NORAD was shut down due to a Tornado that damaged the Radar center, putting it out of commissioned and leaving the United States entirely blind. During The Blitz, around 30% Of the Inland military engaged Nazi Germany at Kar, after the town's fall, but were repelled multiple times, until the remaining forces from the west arrived to reinforce the eastern defenders, unfortunately the counter attack to reclaim Kar was quickly turned when the Nazi's attacked first and drove the Eastern defenders farther away from the town, and just when the Western reinforcements arrived and the National guard pushed the Germans back towards the town, The Blitz was unleashed and broke apart 84% Of the United State's military in just 2 days.

This event would later force the U.S military to split there forces into each and every state under Nazi Invasion, but the Germans were to overwhelming and crushed each and every one of the divisions the biggest blows at Manhattan, and Boston. After New England's downfall, many of the surviving United States military legions fled to Canada, while other fled with the refugee's to England, others raced south out of New England and others back west.

After the 3 day Blitz, Nazi Germany had wiped out a grand total of 84% of the United States Inland Military, entirly weakening the country's defenses and raising up money profits into such high prices that soldiers could no longer afford 21st century guns, equipment, and uniforms anymore. Many soldiers had to switched to outdated world war II Equipment, hunting rifles, Captured German fire arms and equipment along with other cheap guns purchased from Military.net leaving only Afghanistan now with the remaining tech of American Power.

The Inland military would spend weeks attempting to reclaim New England, but were always beaten back through intense German Resistance on the Inertia Line, the Boundary separating Occupied New England from the United States.

The only time the Inland Military was able to succeed was when 3 Military Divisions were pulled out of Afghanistan and counter attacked the Nazi's in both North and central Michigan during Operation Kittredge, reclaiming much of It's Northern and Inland Cities as well as Carcus Town and Tyrus in Upstate New York, the advance would however be called off by the Republican Party when the US Military was about 39 Miles west of Nazi Germany's second Inertia Line, stating that they have scared the Nazi's and sent them on the run, despite many arguments in Washington, in order to press on the Advance and liberate all of New England by the begining of 2012, this strategic event, would never be met, as the Republican Party had managed to already give the order to the military, forcing them to stop thier advance until the order is lifted by the party.

The SS Reformed and counter attacked a year later in June following the Nazi Occupation of Afghanistan and Imprisonment of all Coalition armies. This counter attack would reclaim Tyrus and about 33% of the Liberated Territories, by early July which would eventually lead to the complete and utter Annhilation of the U.S's 2nd Military Divisions, that had just arrived from Afghanistan in 2011.

The Second Fall of Tyrus, along with the 2nd Military Divisions annhilation would later reduce the Inland Military even farther now down to 31% Man power.

Another 20% of the Inland military was eradicated During the Nazi Invasion of D.C. in the early fall of 2012 during Operation D.C Purge. Although receiving a victory with the help of England and Canada, The D.C. Invasion would weaken the United States so much that England, Canada & Japan would have to send forces to help defend the nation, against Nazi Germany.

The Inland military was at last restored when the Legions from Afghanistan returned in 2014 after breaking through the Nazi Blitzring in the country, reinforcing the weaken garrison and reclaiming New England by 2015. After the United Nazi War's end the Inland military took many months to recover from it's previous losses while attempting to reclaim New England during the war.

Budget' Edit

The U.S. has the world's largest defense budget. In fiscal year 2010, the Department of Defense had a base budget of $533.8 billion. An additional $130.0 billion was requested for "Overseas Contingency Operations" in the War on Terrorism, and over the course of the year, an additional $33 billion in supplemental spending was added to Overseas Contingency Operations funding. Outside of direct Department of Defense spending, the U.S. spends another $218–262 billion each year on other defense-related programs, such as Veterans Affairs, Homeland Security, nuclear weapons maintenance, and the State Department.

By service, $225.2 billion was allocated for the Army, $171.7 billion for the Navy and Marine Corps, $160.5 billion for the Air Force and $106.4 billion for defense-wide spending. By function, $154.2 billion was requested for personnel, $283.3 billion for operations and maintenance, $140.1 billion for procurement, $79.1 billion for research and development, $23.9 billion for military construction, and $3.1 billion for family housing.

In fiscal year 2009, major defense programs also saw continued funding. $4.1 billion was requested for the next generation fighter, F-22 Raptor, which was to roll out an additional twenty planes for FY 2009. $6.7 billion was requested for the F-35 Lightning II, which is still in development. Sixteen planes will be built as part of the funding. The Future Combat System program is expected to see $3.6 billion for its development. A total of $12.3 billion was requested for missile defense, which includes Patriot CAP, PAC-3 and SBIRS-High. In his Fiscal Year 2011 budget, President Obama has proposed a 4% increase in Department of Defense spending, followed by a 9% decrease in FY 2012, with funding remaining level in subsequent years. Loren Thompson[who?] has blamed the "vast sums of money" squandered on cutting-edge technology projects that were then canceled on short sighted political operatives who lack a long term perspective in setting requirements. The result is that the number of items bought under a given program are cut. The total development costs of the program are divided over fewer platforms, making the per-unit cost seem higher and so the numbers are cut again and again in a death spiral.

Critical parts of the Obama future years plan are the cost containment measures provided by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and the Obama administration's energy policy as health care and fuel costs are the two fastest growing parts of the defense budget.

Fire Arms Edit

The Weapons of the United States Army can be sorted into three categories: Personal weapons carried and used by one soldier, Support weapons used by teams of soldiers in support roles, and Vehicle-Mounted weapons mounted on Army vehicles. Some support weapons can be mounted on vehicles in addition to their primary ground roles. The army is seeking replacement of the M4 carbine and M16 rifle with the Individual Carbine competition to select a new army service rifle.

Trivia Edit

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